Resources about the Balinese Language


Arka, I Wayan. “Speech Levels, Social Predites and Pragmatic Structure in Balinese: A Lexical Approach.” Pragmatics 15, no. 2/‌3 (2005): 169-203.

Jenkins, Ron. “Becoming a Clown in Bali.” The Drama Review: TDR, Performance Theory: Southeast Asian Issue ser., 23, no. 2 (June 1979): 49-56.

Sherzer, Joel. “On Puns, Combebacks, Verbal Dueling, and Play Languages: Speech Play in Balinese Verbal Life.” Language in Society 22, no. 2 (June 1993): 217-233.



Dictionaries, Grammar, Phrase Books, Learning Videos

Barber, C. Clyde, Dictionary of Balinese-English, Aberdeen University Library, 1979, Occassional Publications No. 2).

Barber, C. Clyde,  A Grammar of the Balinese Language. Arbedeen: Aberdeen University, 1977.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayan, Kamus Indonesia-Bali, Denpasar, Bali, 1978.

Eiseman, Fred B. J, Dictionary English-Balinese, Bali, 2011.

Kersten SVD, J. Bahasa Bali. Ende, Flores: Penerbit Nusa Indah, 1984.

Marshall, Barry, Balinese Language Lessons (first one at

Shadeg, Revd. Pater N English-Balinese-Indonesian Vocabulary, Denpasar, 1977.

Singaraja, Balai Penelitian Bahasa. Kamus Indonesia-Bali. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 1975.

Spitzing, Gunter. Practical Balinese: A Communication Guide. Hong Kong: Eric M. Oey.

Sutjaja, I Gusti Made. Concise Balinese Dictionary. Hong Kong: Tuttle Publishing, 2009.

Sutjaja, I Gusti Made. Everyday Balinese. Hong Kong: Tuttle Publishing, 2009.

Van der Tuuk, Herman Neubronner, Kawi-Balineesch-Nederlandsch woordenboek; Batavia, Landsdrukkerij, 1897-1912  (A Kawi-Balinese-Dutch Dictionary” English reprint in 1971).

R. van Eck, Eerste Proeve van een Balineesch-Hollandsch Woordenboek, Utrecht, 1876.




Hunter, Thomas Marshall, Jr. “Balinese Language: Historical Background and Contemporary State.” PhD diss., University of Michigan, 1988.

Zurbuchen, Mary Sabina. “The Shadow Theater of Bali:  Explorations in Language and Text.” PhD diss., University of Michigan, 1981.



Books with sections about the Balinese Language

Wiener, Margaret J. Visible and Invisible Realms: Power, Magic and Colonial Conquest in Bali. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.


Bookstores with Balinese language resources

Ganesha Bookshop, Ubud

Gemilang (rare books and pamphelts about Bali)